Hopes Are Fading Fast for Possible New Particle at the LHC

Posted by K R on

Rumors are swirling again among physicists, but this time they’re not about gravitational waves. Instead, hopes are fading that two separate, but complementary, experiments at the Large Hadron Collider may have discovered a possible new particle.

Last December, LHC physicists announced that they’d found tantalizing traces of an exotic particle not predicted by the Standard Model of particle physics— perhaps a heavier cousin of the Higgs boson, or the elusive graviton, a quantum carrier of the force of gravity. Neither reported finding was solid enough to claim discovery, but both experiments reported hints of a signal in exactly the same spot in the data, which was promising. At the time, I (and others) cautioned that it was likely that those hints of a signal would disappear as more data was added to the analytical mix:
Physicists know precisely how many of each type of particle they should expect to see in the data; any excess above a certain threshold is a promising hint of possible new physics (like a new particle). When all’s said and done, those signals show up as unexpected “bumps” in the data — that’s why experimental particle physicists often call themselves “bump hunters.” The thing is, it’s easy to see small “bumps” that aren’t really there; statistical artifacts crop up all the time, particularly during early data runs. The more data you have, the better the statistical analysis. If a small “bump” persists and gets bigger — the signal gets stronger — it’s much more likely that it’s the signature of a bona fide new particle.
Read More: Gizmodo

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